Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on how our thoughts, behaviours, and emotions influence each other. CBT is based on the idea that our thoughts, rather than external events, are the main cause of our behaviour and emotions. Through CBT, patients learn to identify and change unhealthy patterns of thinking and behaving in order to reduce distress and improve their quality of life.
CBT is an evidence-based form of treatment that has been proven effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and phobias. It is also used to treat physical health conditions, such as chronic pain and insomnia.
CBT is a goal-oriented form of therapy, with the aim of helping patients identify and change unhealthy patterns of thinking and behaving. It is often used in combination with other forms of treatment, such as medication.
In CBT, the therapist works with the patient to identify and challenge unhelpful thoughts and beliefs, and to replace them with more realistic and positive ones. The therapist may also help the patient develop strategies to manage difficult emotions and situations.
CBT can be conducted in individual or group sessions, and usually involves both short-term and long-term goals. It typically consists of a series of weekly sessions, with each session lasting around 45 minutes.
The therapist and patient create a plan for treatment based on the patient’s individual needs and goals. This plan may include homework assignments, such as recording thoughts and behaviour in a diary or completing specific tasks in order to practice new skills.
CBT can often be used in combination with other treatments, such as medications. It is important to talk to a doctor or mental health professional in order to determine the best course of treatment for the individual.
CBT is a highly effective treatment for many mental health conditions, and can help people develop skills to manage their symptoms and improve their overall wellbeing. It is important to find a therapist who is experienced in CBT in order to get the most benefit from the treatment.